Rock engravings and archaeological finds indicate that the early inhabitants of Ladakh living here for thousands of years were nomadic tribals or Changpas from the Tibetan plateau. They were later joined by Buddhists from northern India called the Mons, in the 4th and 5th centuries AD by the Indo-Aryan Dards.
Ladakh means the land of high passes, also known as the land of endless discoveries, the land of broken moon, little Tibet etc. It lies at altitude ranging from about 2,750m to 7,673m situated on the Northern part of India at in Jammu and Kashmir state. Leh with an area of 45110 Sq Km makes it largest district in the country in terms of area. It lies between 32 to 36 degree North latitude and 75 degree to 80 degree East longitude at altitude of 9000 feet to 25000 feet, bounded by the Great Himalayas, in the Karakoram ranges. The temperature in summer goes upto 27C and in winter it drops down to minus 20C. Annual Rainfall goes till 529mm and the best season to visit Ldakh is March to October.
Ladakh means the land of high passes, also known as the land of endless discoveries, the moon land, little Tibet, situated on the Northern part of India at an altitude of 9000 feet to 25000 feet, bounded by the Great Himalayas, in the Karakoram ranges.
In geological terms, this is a young land, formed a few million years ago. Its basic contours, uplifted by tectonic movements, have been modified over the millennia by the process of erosion due to wind and water, sculpted into the form that we see today.
Ladakh is bounded by world’s two mightiest mountain ranges the great Himalayan and the Karakoram, It lies athwart two others The Ladakh and the Zanskar range.
The main source of water in this land remains the winter snowfall. Ladakh was once covered by an extensive lake system, the vestiges of which still exist on its south -east plateaux of Rupshu and Chushul – in drainage basins with evocative names like Tso-moriri, Tsokar and grandest of all, Pangong-tso. The temperature rarely exceeds 27 degree Celsius in summer while in winter it may drop to minus 20 degree Celsius Leh stands at 3,521m/ 11,552 ft.