Ladakh means the land of high passes, also known as the land of endless discoveries, the moon land, little Tibet, situated on the Northern part of India at an altitude of 9000 feet to 25000 feet, bounded by the Great Himalayas, in the Karakoram ranges.
In geological terms, this is a young land, formed a few million years ago. Its basic contours, uplifted by tectonic movements, have been modified over the millennia by the process of erosion due to wind and water, sculpted into the form that we see today.
Ladakh is bounded by world’s two mightiest mountain ranges the great Himalayan and the Karakoram, It lies athwart two others The Ladakh and the Zanskar range.
The main source of water in this land remains the winter snowfall. Ladakh was once covered by an extensive lake system, the vestiges of which still exist on its south -east plateaux of Rupshu and Chushul – in drainage basins with evocative names like Tso-moriri, Tsokar and grandest of all, Pangong-tso. The temperature rarely exceeds 27 degree Celsius in summer while in winter it may drop to minus 20 degree Celsius Leh stands at 3,521m/ 11,552 ft.